Hypothyroidism Diet - Foods to Eat And Foods To Avoid

Foods to Eat And Foods To Avoid

Hypothyroidism is a medical condition caused by the inability of the thyroid to synthesize the amount of hormones needed by the body. It is estimated that this disorder affects 0.5-1% of the population on average and is more prevalent among females.

Hypothyroidism symptoms:

The symptoms of the disorder may manifest in different ways depending on the age of the patient. If it occurs in fetuses then there will be severe and irreversible developmental changes in the body and the brain. In children, hypothyroidism may cause changes in intellectual development and delay sexual development. In adults, hypothyroidism is manifested through some characteristic symptoms:

  • Dry skin and thinning hair, chronic physical fatigue and muscle weakness (due to the fact that this disorder results in a reduction of protein synthesis).
  • Swollen eyelids, swollen tongue and swollen face in general.
  • Intolerance to low temperatures, because hypothyroidism decreases the thyroid hormones and slows down metabolism and oxygen consumption.
  • Lethargy, depression and feeling of fatigue.

Other symptoms include: constipation, weight gain, anemia, low tone of voice, loss of hearing and memory, decreased fertility, heavy menstrual flow, cramps, slow heart beats and increased levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides.

At its early stages this thyroid disease, may progress very slow and the patient may not even realise that he suffers from the disorder.

Causes of hypothyroidism:

The condition can be caused by autoimmune thyroid disease or due to iatrogenic factors (like the abuse of certain drugs) or by a serious deficiency of iodine in the diet. Iodine is a mineral essential for normal thyroid function, and if there is insufficient iodine in the body, the gland can not synthesize thyroid hormones. Fortunately the body has good reserves of iodine (enough for about 60-90 days) and the mere consumption of iodized salt can avert the risk of these specific deficiencies. However, there are some areas of the globe where the chronic lack of iodine causes hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism diet to cure this disease the natural way:

One natural way to increase thyroid function is by adding or removing certain foods from your diet.You need to eat more essential fatty acids that may come from flaxseeds, walnuts, almonds and salmon. You also need to add seaweed, chlorella and algae to your diet, because they are rich in iodine that can help you maintain the good function of the gland. On the contrary, you should avoid foods that slow down thyroid function, such as broccoli, kale, spinach, turnips, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, soy, beans, and mustard greens. What is more, try to limit sugar, artificial sweeteners, dairy, caffeine, and alcohol.

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